|Budget Amount *help
¥1,900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,900,000)
Fiscal Year 2002 : ¥800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥800,000)
Fiscal Year 2001 : ¥1,100,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,100,000)
The purpose of this study was to examine an effect of behavior control on stereotyping in asymmetrical social interaction. Previous research found that powerholders who had fate control engaged in stereotyping processes much more than the powerless. It was hypothesized that the high status person who had another type of power, i.e., behavior control would also engage in stereotyping than the high status with no control. In Experiment 1 and 2, participants set mathematical questions to a female target person (experimental confederate) who might be applied to a stereotype that students in her University would not be good at mathematics. The participants could or could not make a decision of her reward (fate control manipulation). They also could or could not select some questions among many (behavior control manipulation). Then they found she played a very good performance and rated her impressions including mathematical competence. In Experiment 1, most participants rated her as high in the mathematical competence, so the hypothesis was not confirmed. Improving the procedure, in Experiment 2, it was confirmed that participants with behavior control rated the target as less competent than when they had no behavior control. The fate control had no effect on perception of the target. In Experiment 3, participant with behavior control was compared to those who did not set questions and just observed a male target. They rated him whose stereotype was very good at mathematics but revealed a poor performance. Although some findings were consistent with the hypothesis, they did not reach statistical significance. These results were discussed with regard to mediation of attention and future direction of study on behavior control.