|Budget Amount *help
¥2,200,000 (Direct Cost: ¥2,200,000)
Fiscal Year 2003: ¥500,000 (Direct Cost: ¥500,000)
Fiscal Year 2002: ¥500,000 (Direct Cost: ¥500,000)
Fiscal Year 2001: ¥1,200,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,200,000)
First of all, the relationship between prosocial self-perception and the information processing of prosocial results were examined. As the results, with the cues of self-attribution in the prosocial situations, internal attributions were related to prosocial self-perception. On the other hand, without the cues of self-attribution, prosocial self-perception related how young children processed of their prosocial results by themselves. Second, the effect of the prosocial self-perception of preschooler's on prosocial behaviors during free play was examined. As the result, the prosocial self-perception positively related to associative play and negatively to onlooker/unoccupied in free play session, also positively related to the frequency in facing and improving their friends' distressed situations. Furthermore, the children, who thought they could be prosocial, faced their friends' distressed situations in two ways : meeting the distressed situations within the playgroups and finding the distressed situations occurred other playgroups. These results suggested that the prosocial self-perception effects on prosocial behaviors through the peer interactions during free play. Third, the relation between perceived self-regulation and process of prosocial were examined. The children were divided according to their scores on self-assertiveness and self-inhibition into 4 types of perceived self-regulation : high-high, high-low, low-high, and low-low. The high-high, who recognized themselves as more assertive and more inhibited, did more prosocial judgments on the bases of needs-oriented motivation. Furthermore, the low-low tended to exhibit more "onlooker/unoccupied" and the high-low tended to engage in more "solitary-functional play" in free play session. The potential prosocial possibilities depended on the differences in perceived self-regulation. These results suggested that perceived self-regulation effects on process of prosocial behavior.