|Budget Amount *help
¥2,900,000 (Direct Cost: ¥2,900,000)
Fiscal Year 2003: ¥700,000 (Direct Cost: ¥700,000)
Fiscal Year 2002: ¥900,000 (Direct Cost: ¥900,000)
Fiscal Year 2001: ¥1,300,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,300,000)
The purpose of this study is to discuss the role and participation of women, particularly fisherwives, using the data collected by field surveys in four fishing communities located along the coast line of Japan Sea. These communities are Mashike in Hokkaido, Wakinosawa in Tohoku, Kaiso in Hokuriku, and Egumo in Sanin. These data was collected between 2001 and 2003.
To carrying out the research purpose, following data was thougut to be useful for effective analysis: the present condition of fishery, changing condition of fishing, socio-economic situation of fisher-families, religion and ritual among fiserfolks. Fisherwives, however, have been main participants among these changing conditions among fishery in modern Japan. Consideration of life-history or life-story of fisher-families is to exam how fisherwives have participated fishing activities and social reality among fishing communities.
In 2001, pre-research was conducted in those four communities to understand general knowledge. In 2002, research surveys were continued, finaly Wakinosawa in Tohoku and Kaiso in Hokuriku were selected for detailed field research communities. In these two communities, it was possible to collect more minute data. Libraries and museums were also available to utilize some historical documents. In 2003, firal year of this study, more field surveys in these two communities were carried out to accomplish. In Kaiso, relationship between women and ritual, in particulary, collecting seaweed is from women's traditional economic work, which is collecting floatings toward beach. In Wakinosawa, women's important social role have been clear through women's department of fishery co-operative society.