|Budget Amount *help
¥3,800,000 (Direct Cost: ¥3,800,000)
Fiscal Year 2003: ¥1,100,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,100,000)
Fiscal Year 2002: ¥1,100,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,100,000)
Fiscal Year 2001: ¥1,600,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,600,000)
This study of Meiji Restoration and changes of Kyoto Culture aims to demonstrate five statements: 1) Through analyzing documents, such as Hinami, a diary which was written from the seventeenth century to the twentieth century and kept in Kamowakeikazuchi Shrine, it becomes clear that Kamo Festival changed its characteristics from the imperial court festival out of <the court ritual-parade-the shrine ritual> in the premodern era to shrine festival, separated from Tokyo imperial palace in the modern era. 2) While Higashiyama, Arashiyama and famous sights for cherryblossom in the court residence were originally related to historicity and tales in the premodern period, they became tied to nationalism with the spread of Someiyoshino and new famous sights were created in this process. 3) Entertainers and magicians who were despised as humble social status such as Onmyoji, monkey showman (Sarumawashi), and Senzumannzai were necessary for emperors in the premodern era. This study verified it through examining rituals of celebrating January and Onmyoji service in Tennnodaigawari ritual (ritual of Emperor enthronement), 4) this study offers deeper understanding of the development of laws for historical preservation in Nara and Kyoto, two old capitals of Japan and the establishment of Japanese art history with periodization such as Tenpyo culture and Kokufu culture. 5) The structure of Dairi (the emperor residence) surrounded with Nine gates (Kyumon) was elucidated. Dairi was open space with common people free access, and the front of Kugyoumon (Gishumon) was a sight for sightseeing. Also, there were a number of cases that people entered the imperial palace and enjoyed a number of annual events such as Setsubun, Obon, and Enthronement ritual. In this report, related to this theme, <Kyotogoshotorisirabesho (study of Kyoto imperial palace)> was reprinted.