|Budget Amount *help
¥3,500,000 (Direct Cost: ¥3,500,000)
Fiscal Year 2003: ¥500,000 (Direct Cost: ¥500,000)
Fiscal Year 2002: ¥900,000 (Direct Cost: ¥900,000)
Fiscal Year 2001: ¥2,100,000 (Direct Cost: ¥2,100,000)
In this research, we investigate the expressions of aspect by using the discourse corpus.
One of the investigators, Mr. Nikaido, treated the expressions of aspect in the Oita dialect. As the result, it is attested that an aspectual opposition remains more in the Oita dialect than in the other Kyushu dialects.
Further, he recorded and analyzed the discourse corpus in the Fukuoka dialect. In the previous scientific research on aspect, variations of the aspectual opposition were observed in the western Japanese dialect except Kansai. Thus, the territory of YORU-form, which functions as progressive aspect, is invaded by that of TORU-form. In the result of our research, the aspectual opposition of YORU/TORU remains, not only in the younger generation, i.e. the twenties, but also in the fifties.
The other of the investigators, Mr. Arimoto, treated the Yamaguchi dialect as a main target, and analyzed the aspectual expression in the discourse corpus. It is clear that various constraints (confidentiality, eyewitness, evidentiality, focus, transitivity, sympathy), which does not appear in the sentence-level aspectual expressions, are related to the discourse-level. Therefore, when we grasp the various constraints as the parameter, we can generalize it as "Speaker's Cognitive Scale."
Further, he begins to research aspectual expressions in the discourse in which various dialect speakers participate. The obvious results do not have seen yet. This topic is related to the code-switching and non-verbal communication, which are discussed in sociolinguistics.