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¥1,900,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,900,000)
Fiscal Year 2002: ¥400,000 (Direct Cost: ¥400,000)
Fiscal Year 2001: ¥1,500,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,500,000)
The present study attempts to elucidate the whole aspect of "Hotoke-no-Mai", to which research efforts in the past were made but failed to make substantial findings. The findings of this study are summarized in the following three points.
I. The thorough investigation conducted by the author finally confirms that "Hotoke-no-Mai" is being observed in all temples along the Sea of Japan ranging from Akita Prefecture down to Shimane. As to the dancing style scrutinized at all the temples, only two temples preserve the dancing ceremony in its original form. Particularly, the "Hotoke-no-Mai" close to perfection is found to exist in Itosaki Town near Fukui City, Fukui Prefecture. The exercise is handed down in its noble and classical forms of completion in only two Buddhist temples. Other temples preserve its dancing styles differently and a summary of these is reported in the following : (1) "Gyoh-do" without dancing is seen in two temples, (2) the exercise with a similar but deformed style o
f (1) is observed in two temples, and (3) other styles are preserved in different forms in five temples in such a way as the transfigured styles practiced in the exercise as a part of "Dengaku" songs, the dramatized form without mask, and the same dancing style with dialogue.
II. The origin of "Hotoke-no-Mai" is derived from the songs and dances found in Central Asia, probably originating from Persia. After being combined with Buddhist tradition from India, the dancing was transformed into "Bosatsu-no-Mai", and was transmitted to Tibetan temples of Indian Buddhism, and was finally brought to Choan more than 1,300 years ago. Subsequently, it was handed down to Fudaraku-san in Sekkoh Province, which was known as an important base of Kannon worship and Ashoka Temple in Nimpo. It was found that the entire succession finally ended in Itosaki in Japan about 1250 years ago, It was also revealed by the investigation that the "Dago" which a dance uses in "Hotoke-no-Mai" in Itosaki is found on the wall of the Bakkoh Cave in Tonko in its original form. The musical instrument is currently used, being called as "Karuga" at Buddhist temples of Indian tradition in Tibet.
III. Based on these findings, research is still under way, utilizing digital video camera to record the physical movements of "An-mock-chi," dancer's silent intention by comparatively analyzing similarities between unidentified dancing movements and corresponding dances observed in the remote area of China. Part of the findings have already been published in journals and additional new outcomes will be presented at the international conference to be held Unnan Province in China in August, 2003. Less