|Budget Amount *help
¥1,000,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,000,000)
Fiscal Year 2003: ¥500,000 (Direct Cost: ¥500,000)
Fiscal Year 2002: ¥500,000 (Direct Cost: ¥500,000)
The interpretation of contemporary international relations by Hobbesian-Realistic, Kantian-Liberal or Grotian view has faced great difficulties since globalization emerged. The objects of this study are to synthesize these three views, to explore some theoretical analysis for managing the world economy in the era of the global economy, and to make tasks clear for global governance, and the results are as followings.
(1)On the one hand "State" as a modern form of political entity has been the only "Sippe" in the modern world, and, therefore, Hobbesian international relations has been there. On the other hand, universality beyond nation-sates has been essential to markets, and, therefore, the modern world has inescapably included Kantian-Liberal international relations. These two relations, however, are not independent respectively, and "International society" of which one or multiple states as main actors solely or collectively must supply international public goods has been required for stabilization or status quo of international relations.
(2)In the global economy, on the one hand, a hegemonic country which has both will and capability of supplying international public goods has disappeared, and collective international cooperation for international public goods has been required. On the other hand, saving natural resources and environment as new agenda of international cooperation have been added to traditional agenda of supplying international public goods which have been maintaining the world peace and sustaining both efficient international trade system and international monetary system, and also to international cooperation for full-employment since the end of the second world war. Moreover, revival of business cycle with bubble in non-inflationary growth -very feature of business cycle after mid-80s -has threw an important problem into international cooperation.