Productivity Analysis Using Micro Data : The Cases of Southeast Asia
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C)
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants |
|Research Institution||Nagoya University |
OKAMOTO Yumiko Nagoya University, Graduate School of International Development, Associate Professor, 大学院・国際開発研究科, 助教授 (00273805)
|Project Period (FY)
2001 – 2002
Completed (Fiscal Year 2002)
|Budget Amount *help
¥1,700,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,700,000)
Fiscal Year 2002: ¥800,000 (Direct Cost: ¥800,000)
Fiscal Year 2001: ¥900,000 (Direct Cost: ¥900,000)
|Keywords||Productivity / FDI / Micro Date / Southeast Asia|
This research conducted productivity analysis using micro data of the manufacturing sector for Indonesia, Taiwan, and Thailand. The main research results are as follows :
(1) Indonesia "FDI and the Dynamics of Productivity in Indonesian Manufacturing"
The Indonesian manufacturing sector has shown a reasonable productivity growth over the 1990-95 period. However, unlike many other countries, the productivity growth was not mainly generated through improvements within plants. Instead, increasing market shares for plants with high productivity growth and entry of plants with relatively high productivity levels explain most of the productivity growth.
On the other hand, foreign plants do not seem to have been acting as particularly strong engines of productivity growth in Indonesia except some sectors in which the foreign contribution to productivity growth has been substantial. In a big country like Indonesia, the development of local firms seems to be critical to sustain the industrial grow
(2) Taiwan "FDI and the Dynamics of Growth in Taiwan"
This paper examined the role of FDI over the years in Taiwan using micro data. First of all, it found that the role of FDI changed significantly over time. In the early stage of development, foreign companies played an important role in employment generation and export expansion. However, recently, foreign enterprises play a very important role as a creator of new knowledge through R&D activities and as a contributor to human resource development. In other words, whether foreign firms contribute to productivity growth or not depends on the stage of development as well.
(3) Thailand "Roles of MNCs in Regional Development and their Locational Determinants : The Case of Thailand"
This paper examines the role of MNCs in industrial development of Thailand and their regional production pattern in comparison with domestic firms. It found that although foreign firms contribute a lot to the expansion of industrial output and productivity growth, they tend to agglomerate only in the central part of Thailand. Therefore, least developed regions may be increasingly marginal to the dynamics of international production unless conscious efforts are made both by national and regional governments.
In addition to the above three countries, the author also conducted research to investigate the role of FDI in development of the electronics industry in Vietnam. It found that since private enterprises are underdeveloped very much and state-owned enterprises are very inefficient compared with foreign firms, it is foreign firms that need to be the engine of growth for the time being. Less
Report (3 results)
Research Products (7 results)