MATSUMOTO Soichiro Faculty of Engineering, Aichi Institute of Technology, Assoc.Prof., 工学部, 助教授 (80078914)
OMATA Kenji Faculty of Contemporary Cultures, Surugadai Univ., Prof., 現代文化学部, 教授 (60185668)
SUZUKI Kenichi School of Design & Architecture, Nagoya City Univ, Assoc.Prof., 芸術工学部, 助教授 (00242842)
|Budget Amount *help
¥3,800,000 (Direct Cost: ¥3,800,000)
Fiscal Year 2002: ¥2,300,000 (Direct Cost: ¥2,300,000)
Fiscal Year 2001: ¥1,500,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,500,000)
We conducted an investigation into the calamity correspondence capability of the children of a foreign family register who attended elementary and junior high schools in Japan last year. We also gathered relative information about the disaster prevention education in overseas schools, and visited the fire-fighting organization and schools in Brazil as part of that information gathering.
We chose Brazil and Taiwan as the countries for investigation, and investigated their schools this year. We chose these countries because, in the case of Brazil, Disaster measures have progressed little, and, in the case of Taiwan, it is a country with experience in earthquake disaster. By comparing these countries and Japan, we examine synthetically how factors, such as race, history and culture, educational plans, school construction plans, and human attributes, influence children' s faculty during a fire.
In Brazil, although five schools in Sao Paulo were inspected, if looked at from the position of fi
re safety, it would be hard to say that they have sufficient safety in terms of both building design or equipment. The following was understood in investigation. The teacher's were not learning special knowledge or technology about fire prevention / disaster prevention education, and the schools were not carrying out fire drills etc.
Moreover, a course map investigation and fire knowledge questionnaire survey was conducted on a total of 1092 students in three schools. As a result, the following things were understood. Generally, Brazilian children hardly understand the danger of flames or smoke, method of refuge, etc., about the flow of smoke, or opening-and-closing process of windows at the time of refuge, although there is fundamental knowledge about fire. On the whole, compared with Japanese people, the degree of fire knowledge of Brazilians is low, and whereas Japanese children tend to act as a group and listen to their teacher's instructions, there are many Brazilian children who act independently.
In addition, there are also many Brazilian children of Japanese descent who have visited Japan and so act somewhere between the two typical characters. They come to have space cognitive power nearer to Japanese people the longer they have stayed in Japan, as well as fire knowledge and action judgment etc. Less