|Budget Amount *help
¥1,300,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,300,000)
Fiscal Year 2002: ¥600,000 (Direct Cost: ¥600,000)
Fiscal Year 2001: ¥700,000 (Direct Cost: ¥700,000)
This study examines the meaning and conditions of the "agro-medico-polis" in the rural Japan. An "agro-medico-polis" is defined as a community where rural resources are integrated with medial care, health service, and wetrare works in a systematic way. In the "agro-medico-polis", economic circulation and material circulation are formed among its components. This study takes Usuda Town, Nagano Prefecture as a good example of "agro-medico-polis", and analyzed the structural characteristics of Usuda Town and the historical process of their formulation. In Usuda Town, there is Saku Central Hospital, which is well known for a center of medical science for rural societies. An "agro-Medico-Polis"' can be analyzed from the aspect of regional economy, material cycle, and social relationships among individuals and groups. Thus, this study is consisted from the field research concerning these three aspects and results from a questionnaire survey to farmers in there villages.
Economic results of "A
gro-Medico-Polis" are analyzed from the following points: (1)the flow of implements and materals for medical care and the related matters in the "agro-Medico-Polis", and (2)consuming activities and tax payment by the hospital persons who are in charge of medical cares and other services such as linen cleaning. This analysis is conducted by breakdown into three spheres, namely the primary sphere, the secondary sphere, and the tertiary sphere according to the extent of relations with medical institutions and facilities. The primary sphere is consisted of hospitals, clinics, nurse schools, and so on. The secondary sphere consisted of care services and welfare works, provision of hospital meals and linens, and so on. The tertiary sphere is consisted of provision of food materials, direct sale group of womern and organic farming group.
As to material cycle, more research is needed except the compost center which changes household kitchen waste into manure. From the viewpoint of social relationships, a variety of cultural activities and direct sale of agricultural products near the entrance of hospital contribute to deepening the development of 'Agro-Medico-Polis'. Less