|Budget Amount *help
¥3,500,000 (Direct Cost: ¥3,500,000)
Fiscal Year 2002: ¥1,400,000 (Direct Cost: ¥1,400,000)
Fiscal Year 2001: ¥2,100,000 (Direct Cost: ¥2,100,000)
Purpose: The purpose of this research is proving the relationship between lifestyle and physical and mental health among the Chinese immigrants residing in H city.
Method: A health survey was conducted for 42 Chinese immigrants. Thirty out of 42 subjects were surveyed through home-visiting. Rest of the subjects were surveyed through Japanese language school. There were 21 males and 20 females in this subject group. The average age of the subjects was 38.6 years(± 11.9), ranging 21-78 years. Questionnaire items were on, 1)individual backgrounds, (age, school education, occupation, length of living in Japan etc), 2)health condition, (medical history, I illness, medical examination, etc), 3)lifestyle,(consciousness of health, smoking, drinking, sleep, etc), 4)mental health condition(General Health Questionnaire 12items), 5)nutrition(average intake tendency per day, out of 12 different nutrition groups)
Re***t: Among the subjects, 15.9% of them smoke, 34.1% of them drink, which was relativel
y better than Japanese residents. As they get older, they have more illness(p<0.01). Peoples who stayed shorter (p<0.01) and male tend to have higher health consciousness(p<0.05). However health consciousness did not relate to the number of healthy lifestyle behavior. The number of healthy lifestyle behavior were very few, which of the age of 40 years old was lowest than another age. The GHQ score was very high as compared to Japanese residents and the pregnant in China, especially those who had been sick(p<0.01),people who had a health examination by the government(p<0.01), and people who have healthy lifestyle behavior(p<0.05) had lower GHQ score. The number of healthy lifestyle were related education level, breakfast, drinking(p<0.05), and sleeping(p<0.01).
Conclusion: It was proved the importance of related between health condition and mental condition. It was subjected that health consciousness and the education to prevented chronic illness, which was need for the age of 40 years old. In order for Chinese immigrants to get more knowledge and information about health, they need to communicate with local Japanese, and get involve with local community. Less