|Budget Amount *help
¥3,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,500,000)
Fiscal Year 2002 : ¥1,700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,700,000)
Fiscal Year 2001 : ¥1,800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,800,000)
The purpose of this study was to describe the actual status of sexual awareness and sexual behavior in adolescence, along with the determinants of that awareness and behavior, and to investigate the risk factors for sexual delinquency and unwanted pregnancy.
We gathered and analyzed both quantitative and qualitative data in this study. First, an anonymous self-report questionnaire survey regarding sex during adolescence was conducted among university students. A total of 4,225 students were surveyed female 31.5%, female 68.5%, mean age 20.3 years). About 60% of the respondents reported having experienced sexual intercoursei of these, the age when sexual intercourse first took place was significantly earlier in males (17.7 years) than females (18.2 years). Approximately 4.1% of the respondents reported that they presently had multiple sexual partners, and these were considered to comprise the sexual high-risk group. Although females reported using contraceptives more frequently than male
s, 92.3% of the 4.7% of the women who had experienced pregnancy chose to have artificial abortions. We also investigated the relation between personality factors and family upbringing as determinants of sexual behaviors. A series of regression analyses were performed in which sexual behaviors were used as the dependent variables and Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) and Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI) were the independent variables. The results indicated that TCI items had a stronger influence on sexual behaviors than PBI. In other words this study reached a new conclusion that sexual behaviors were more correlated with temperament than with PBI.
We also investigated sexual awareness via the Internet. Of the teenagers who responded, 415 female 48.7%, female 51.3%) were selected and subjected to analysis. The results indicated that 32.7% of them had experienced sexual interoourse. The average age when sexual intercourse first took place was 14.3 years for males, and 14.7 years for females. Six percent of the total belonged to the sexual high-risk group because they roported experiences of delinquent sexual behavior. It was suggested that mass media and personal relations among the peer group had a groater influence on sexual behavior than the environment the child was raised in.
Furthermore, in the second part of the study we carried out an analysis of qualitative data obtained from interviews with women who were sex-industry workers or who had experienced delinquent sexual behaviors. The results indicated that individual factors played very strong roles as determinants of sexual behavior and awareness among these women, and that the influence of their relationships with members of the opposite sex as well as the degree of concern shown by those responsible for their upbringing were also involved in a complex and interrelated manner. Less