|Budget Amount *help
¥2,100,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,100,000)
Fiscal Year 2003 : ¥500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥500,000)
Fiscal Year 2002 : ¥1,300,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,300,000)
Fiscal Year 2001 : ¥300,000 (Direct Cost : ¥300,000)
1 Structure, function and problems of the national gender machinery (NGM)
(1) NGM in the Republic of South Africa (SA), which consists of parliament, government administration, independent statutory bodies and the civil society, has been well established as an institutional framework.
(2) However, the NGM as process has not necessarily been working well because of the lack of capacity of two main players of NGM, the Office of the Status of Women (OSW) and Gender Focal Points (GFPs) in government departments.
(3) Although the Commission for Gender Equality, which is unique for the national machinery in South Africa, is an independent body, it has been facing the issue of independence and the lack of financial and human resources.
2 South Africa's National Policy Framework for Women's Empowerment and Gender Equality, which is the base for the women's policy in SA, is quite inclusive as a framework, but its implementation much depends on how much the GFPs can improve their capacity to carry out gender mainstreaming in their departments.
3 As clarified by the South Africa's National Gender Audit, the workings of the Gender Management System (GMS) is still partial, and mechanisms and processes of the GMS have not been well developed yet.
4 As a whole, because of the high political will is not matching to the administrative will, the administrative system aiming at gender mainstreaming has not yet been fully established in SA, thus is still short to be a comprehensive model for Japan.