NAKAJIMA Satomi National Institute of Mental Health, Section Chief, 精神保健研究所・成人精神保健部, 室長 (20285753)
MORITA Nobuaki U.of Tsukuba, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, Assistant Prof., 大学院・人間総合科学研究科, 講師 (10251068)
GOTO Motomichi Nagoya City Univ., School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Professor, 人文社会学部, 教授 (90115569)
MATSUMURA Tamie Ibaraki University, the College of Education, Professor, 教育学部, 教授 (70091866)
有園 博子 茨城キリスト教大学, 短期大学部, 助教授 (70282366)
林 延哉 茨城大学, 教育学部, 助教授 (60282274)
|Budget Amount *help
¥3,200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,200,000)
Fiscal Year 2004 : ¥900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥900,000)
Fiscal Year 2003 : ¥900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥900,000)
Fiscal Year 2002 : ¥1,400,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,400,000)
The purpose of the present study was to create scales to assess the levels of attachment, attachment disorders, and PTSD. Severe child abuse has been researched in the fields of medical community, social welfare, and justice. However, research on not-severe abuse and/or maltreatment has been neglected in a way that we do not have good screening method to identify the problem appropriately.
We have attempted to create screening scales for attachment disorders and traumatic symptoms. The scales would easily be used by child-attending professionals in order to distinguish abused/maltreated children from non abused ones and/or from children with disabilities. Reviewing previous research on the fields of attachment, PTSD, and child maltreatment, we have made the scales. We asked about 2000 day-care teachers to answer the scales. Three types of the scales were made for the use of 0-2 year olds, 3-5 year olds, and young children with disabilities.
The results showed for both age groups that the attachment disorder scale was consisted of 5 factors. There were emotional with drawa/autistic, hypervigilance/complianee to parent, indiscriminate friendliness, self-endangerment, and avoiding parent(0-2 year old), inhibition/anxious to parent(3-5 year old). For the PTSD scale, four factors were found. There were re-experiencing, avoidance/numbing of responses, arousal/fearfulness, aggression/difficulty going to sleep. When comparing between maltreated and non-maltreated children, the scores for these scales were higher for the maltreated children. Thus, the maltreated children showed attachment disorders as well as PTSD. Using hierarchical regression, the total score of PTSD items was best predicted by the total score of attachment disorder. The necessity of validating the scales with observational method was discussed.