Application of GIS to the communication of geographic information and assistance of navigation for women and elderly people
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B)
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants|
|Research Institution||Tokyo Metropolitan University|
WAKABAYASHI Yoshiki Tokyo Metropolitan University, Graduate School of Science, Associate Professor, 大学院・理学研究科, 助教授 (70191723)
OKAMOTO Kohei Nagoya University, Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Professor, 大学院・環境学研究科, 教授 (90201988)
YAMAMOTO Toshikazu Osaka University of Education, Faculty of Education, Professor, 教育学部, 教授 (20200826)
MURAKOSHI Shin Shizuoka University, Faculty of Education, Professor, 教育学部, 教授 (30210032)
SADAHIRO Yukio University of Tokyo, Graduate School of Engineering, Associate Professor, 大学院・工学系研究科, 助教授 (10240722)
OKUNUKI Keiichi Nagoya University, Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Associate Professor, 大学院・環境学研究科, 助教授 (90272369)
竹内 謙彰 愛知教育大学, 教育学部, 助教授 (40216867)
|Project Period (FY)
2003 – 2004
Completed(Fiscal Year 2004)
|Budget Amount *help
¥11,300,000 (Direct Cost : ¥11,300,000)
Fiscal Year 2004 : ¥4,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥4,500,000)
Fiscal Year 2003 : ¥6,800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥6,800,000)
|Keywords||GIS / maps / spatial cognition / navigation / sense of direction / gender difference / elderly|
The results of this research project are summarized as follows.
(1) A review of the literatures on theoretical and practical issues of spatial cognition and maps revealed that the digitization has promoted user-oriented map making,. making map makers sensitive to the context of map use.
(2) We developed a method for analyzing sketch maps with GIS using buffer operation and applied it to a comparison between Japanese Brazilians and Japanese people.
(3) A questionnaire survey on the relationship between navigational skills and map use revealed that women with low confidence in their spatial abilities rely heavily on guide maps while men with better sense of directions frequently use multipurpose maps(e.g., topographical maps).
(4) A perceptual model of maps representing a surface distribution generated from a point distribution was developed and its validity was demonstrated by applying it to crime maps.
(5) Comparison of the sense of direction by a questionnaire(SDQ-S) between elderly and young people revealed that there is little difference in the spatial abilities between two groups, though the ability at "landmark memory" of the elderly is inferior to that of young people owing to the deterioration of episodic memory with aging.
Research Products (27results)