|Budget Amount *help
¥3,100,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,100,000)
Fiscal Year 2005 : ¥700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥700,000)
Fiscal Year 2004 : ¥1,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,000,000)
Fiscal Year 2003 : ¥1,400,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,400,000)
In this project, the head investigator (HI) put his main interests on the following topics.
1)The actual situation of Classical studies in the East European countries.
2)Organization and actual situation of the Greek Catholic Church, which extends widely over the Central European countries.
3)The principle of collection of the famous Corvina Library, that King Matthias (1443-90) collected.
The results of research are as follows :
1)It was very impressive for HI that the instruction of the Latin language spread very universally over the Central European Catholic countries, e.g.Hungary, Poland, Croatia, Slovakia and Czech, and Latin is very popular for them. According to HI consequently, the universality of the Latin language does not depend on if the country is a descendant of the Roman Empire (e.g.Romania), but on if that country is catholic or not. Accordingly, the heritage of the classical culture will be maintained chiefly by the religious spirituality of the area.
2)Greek Catholic Church, which though follows the Byzantine rite and the Eastern Canon Law, agrees with Vatican in such theological points as the primacy of the Pope, the procession of the Holy Spirit both from the Father and the Son, etc. Thus, the Greek Catholic Church especially in Hungary is a nice sample for Japanese people in succession to the classical heritage of the ancient Greco-Roman world, because Hungary is an Asiatic country linguistically in point of the word order particularly.
3)In the Corvina Library it is characteristic that the number of the books which contain the Greek Father's theological works is very large in proportion. According to the HI, this is because the Matthias' Hunyadi family was originally in the Byzantine rite. This ritual origin of him will also explain why Matthias resisted the Roman Popes in his later years.