TANIYAMA Masamiti TENRI UNIVERSITY, Faculty of Literature, Professor, 文学部, 教授 (30144801)
HATAKAMA Kazuhiro TENRI UNIVERSITY, Oyasato Institute for the Study of Religions, Associate professor, 附属施設おやさと研究所, 助教授 (50271424)
TAKAGI Hirosi Kyoto University, Institute for Research in Humanities, Associate professor, 人文科学研究所, 助教授 (30202146)
|Budget Amount *help
¥3,400,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,400,000)
Fiscal Year 2005 : ¥700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥700,000)
Fiscal Year 2004 : ¥700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥700,000)
Fiscal Year 2003 : ¥2,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,000,000)
The following results were obtained in this project regarding the collection of historical materials.
1. Among governmental documents in Nara prefecture, a collection of digital images was made from photographs related to the separation of Shinto and Buddhism between the first through the tenth years of the Meiji period (1868-77), and the contents of these images were examined.
2. The central task of this research was the sorting of the "Nakamura Masao family archives," belonging to a family that held a clerical post at Kofukuji temple. Approximately 20,000 documents were labeled, and while cataloging and photographing of these items were also undertaken, the catalog remains unfinished, and the photographing was done on a partial basis only.
3. Among documents related to the separation of Shinto and Buddhism that had been previously collected, the "Moriya shrine archives" of the town of Tawaramoto in Nara prefecture are of major importance in terms of both quantity and quality, and the ca
taloging of these items was conducted along with studies of their contents.
With regards to research activities, the "Nakamura Masao family archives" and the "Moriya shrine archives" were examined.
The results are as follows.
1. The separation of Shinto and Buddhism conducted for Kofukuji temple and Kasuga shrine was carried out more on the initiative of Kofukuji itself, rather than government direction. Also, ritual practices after separation followed forms devised by the Department of Worship, rather than traditional customs.
2. The separation of Shinto and Buddhism at the village level, carried out against a background of governmental authority, focused on core regional shrines, and was promoted through their reorganization. But the process met with resistance from local residents, and was not carried out fully.
3. The separation of Shinto and Buddhism was undertaken between the first through the fifth years of Meiji (1868-72) in the case of Kofukuji, and from the fourth through the seventh years (1871-74) at the village level, and was finished in all cases by the tenth year of Meiji (1877).
Of the three items listed above, the first is included in the research report.
Cataloging and examination of the "Nakamura Masao family archives" will be continued in the future, along with the cataloging and examination of other materials assembled in relation to the separation of Shinto and Buddhism. Less