KANEKO Yoshihiro Ochanomizu University, Institute of Social Security and Population Research, Director, 応用分析研究部, 部長 (30224611)
MURAO Yumiko Toyo University, Department of Sociology, Lecturer, 社会学, 専任講師 (20408959)
|Budget Amount *help
¥2,800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,800,000)
Fiscal Year 2005 : ¥600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥600,000)
Fiscal Year 2004 : ¥1,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,000,000)
Fiscal Year 2003 : ¥1,200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,200,000)
Social Protection System assumes implicit family model when it makes its allocation such as through public pension and employment insurance system or when it takes social security premium and taxes from households. The project makes researches on how family or individual is treated differently according to one's work history, either regular employee or non-standard employee, and according to family history, whether married, childless and so on. In order to do so, actual pension receipt as well as tax and social security burden is calculated for the total population using the National Survey on Consumption and Asset surveyed by Statistics Bureau of the Japanese Government. The result shows that the system implicitly assumes full-time or low earning housewives and male core income earner, discouraging married female to work over a certain income point. The public pension receipt also shows that majority of female pension receipt is about Basic Pension but no more and also in some cases f
amily internal transfer compensate for no receipt of public pension.
In order to compare the situation in Japan with other countries, International Social Survey Program(ISSP) Gender Roles II 2002 is to see how average wife and husband's role differs in different nations. We made comparison of different countries on whether husband's and wife's happiness differs when the household is single earner households or shared income households. Interestingly, in many European countries, the couples are happier when income share is about the same between couples, and in Japan, the couples are happier when the husband's income share dominates.
Then, comparison within East Asian economies, namely, Japan, Korea, and China is made, on female labor supply and family events to see whether women's intermittent work behavior and favor of full-time housewife is an "East Asian culture" or not.
Researches are also made on distribution effect on the use of consumption tax over income tax to fund the Basic Pension, as well as simulation on women's labor supply and likely receipt of public pension by her choice of full-time work, non-standard work and no-work. Less