Analysis of GEK1 function that is required for ethanol tolerance in higher plants
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C)
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants|
HIRAYAMA Takashi RIKEN, Laboratory of Plant Molecular Biology, Senior Scientist, 篠崎植物分子生物学研究室, 先任研究員 (10228819)
|Project Period (FY)
2003 – 2004
Completed(Fiscal Year 2004)
|Budget Amount *help
¥3,700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,700,000)
Fiscal Year 2004 : ¥1,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,500,000)
Fiscal Year 2003 : ¥2,200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,200,000)
|Keywords||Arabidopsis / ethanol hypersensitivity / NMR measurement / archaea / GEK1 interacting protein / subcelular localization / alcohol dehydrogenase / エタノール / アセトアルデヒド / NMR / GFP|
1.Phenotypic analysis using gek1 mutants.
To investigate the effect of gek1 mutation on the metabolic pathway, we tried to detect the change in metabolites by muti-nuclear NMR measurement combined with ^<13>C, ^<15>N stable isotope labelling. The results showed that gek1 activated the amino acid metabolic pathway in the presence of ethanol more strongly than the wild type. Microarray analysis revealed that several stress inducible genes were upregulated more rapidly by ethanol treatment in the gekl mutant.
2.Screening for gek1 suppressor mutants.
Putative gek1 suppressor mutants, totally 34 lines, were isolated. We analyzed most of them and found they were adh mutants. We are going to analyze rest of them.
3.Identification GEK1-interacting proteins.
Three putative GEK1-interacting proteins were identified by yeast two-hybrid analysis. Two of them are Zn-finger proteins (#20,#24). The rest one is NFU2(#76) that is presumed to be involved in the formation of Fe-S cluster in chloroplasts. The subcellular localization and the analyses of disruption mutants (#24,#76) did not offer any clear link between these proteins and GEK1 so far.
4.Recombinant GEK1 protein.
A recombinant GEK1 protein expressed in E.coli was obtained. We investigated its activity to breakdown acetaldehyde in vitro. We tried several conditions, but failed to detect such activity. We obtained the recombinant protein of the Pyrococcus GEK1 homologus gene that is presumed to be more stable. We tried to detect the same activity but failed again. Therefore, we concluded that GEK1 does not have such activity. We also tried to see any activity to change the metabolite profiling. The extract from ^<13>C,^<15>N stable isotope labeled plants were reacted with the recombinant protein and measured by NMR. However, we could not detect any changes.
Research Products (20results)