Comparing Japanese and Americans with regard to the Successful Aging of Elderly Living Alone
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C)
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants|
Community health/Gerontological nurisng
|Research Institution||The Japanese Red Cross Hiroshima College of Nursing|
TANII Yasuko The Japanese Red Cross Hiroshima College of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Professor, 看護学部, 教授 (10236680)
IIMURA Tomiko The Japanese Red Cross Hiroshima College of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Professor, 看護学部, 教授 (10389124)
HORI Miyuki The Japanese Red Cross Hiroshima College of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Assistant, 看護学部, 助手 (20412356)
HIRAGA Tika The Japanese Red Cross Hiroshima College of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Assistant, 看護学部, 助手 (40446068)
徳川 麻衣子 日本赤十字広島看護大学, 看護学部, 助手 (00389131)
安楽 和子 日本赤十字広島看護大学, 看護学部, 助手 (60341244)
岩切 桂子 日本赤十字広島看護大学, 看護学部, 助手 (00352055)
|Project Period (FY)
2003 – 2006
Completed(Fiscal Year 2006)
|Budget Amount *help
¥2,600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,600,000)
Fiscal Year 2006 : ¥500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥500,000)
Fiscal Year 2005 : ¥1,300,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,300,000)
Fiscal Year 2004 : ¥200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥200,000)
Fiscal Year 2003 : ¥600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥600,000)
|Keywords||Living Alone / Elderly Women / Successful Aging / Comparing Japanese and Americans / 後期高齢女性|
The purpose of this study is to compare Japanese and American old-old elderly living alone with regard to successful aging. This study focused on their physical and mental health conditions, life style, life review, and life events.
Results: The subjects were fourteen Japanese elderly aged 75-85(80.2±3.46) and seventeen American elderly aged 76-90(81.47±4.99) living alone in small city of each countries. Four categories were identified:1.Adaptation to their environment;2.Participation in regional activities;3.Lessons drawn from their life events;4.The meaning of their aging and death.
1. For maintaining their independent lives, the most important point is to keep good physical and mental health for the Japanese and the American elderly
2. The elderly keep their relationships with others in church and the regional activities, and they can support their good health by exchanging their wisdom and taking care each other, and learning something together.
3. Americans are challenging new experience in their lives actively more than Japanese.
4. Americans religious lives are important for keeping their spiritual life peacefully.
5. The experiences of defeat and the atomic bombing gave them the great motivation power to Japanese.
6. Both elderly feel that the death is natural and part of lives.
7. The worship to Christ of American and to the ancestors of Japanese helps acceptance of their sufferings and death.
8. Japanese elderly hope in peace, no more war strongly.
Research Products (1results)