|Budget Amount *help
¥25,480,000 (Direct Cost: ¥19,600,000、Indirect Cost: ¥5,880,000)
Fiscal Year 2010: ¥5,460,000 (Direct Cost: ¥4,200,000、Indirect Cost: ¥1,260,000)
Fiscal Year 2009: ¥6,240,000 (Direct Cost: ¥4,800,000、Indirect Cost: ¥1,440,000)
Fiscal Year 2008: ¥6,370,000 (Direct Cost: ¥4,900,000、Indirect Cost: ¥1,470,000)
Fiscal Year 2007: ¥7,410,000 (Direct Cost: ¥5,700,000、Indirect Cost: ¥1,710,000)
The present study has focused on the biological effects and distribution of organotin compounds and alternative biocides used as antifouling paint for ships and boat in coastal ecosystem. It was found that both antifouling biocides affect growth and reproduction on aquatic organisms. The marine environment, from coastal waters to the deep sea, has found to be polluted by antifouling biocide. Therefore, the contamination by antifouling biocides may result in a disturbance in the marine ecosystems.