|Budget Amount *help
¥40,430,000 (Direct Cost: ¥31,100,000、Indirect Cost: ¥9,330,000)
Fiscal Year 2017: ¥6,370,000 (Direct Cost: ¥4,900,000、Indirect Cost: ¥1,470,000)
Fiscal Year 2016: ¥6,370,000 (Direct Cost: ¥4,900,000、Indirect Cost: ¥1,470,000)
Fiscal Year 2015: ¥12,740,000 (Direct Cost: ¥9,800,000、Indirect Cost: ¥2,940,000)
Fiscal Year 2014: ¥14,950,000 (Direct Cost: ¥11,500,000、Indirect Cost: ¥3,450,000)
|Outline of Final Research Achievements
To better understand fluctuations and their mechanisms of large glaciers in high mountain Asia, we conducted in-situ observations in the Nepal and Bhutan Himalayas with analyses of remotely sensed satellite data and of numerical modelling. We developed a numerical model for debris-covered glaciers, in which distribution of debris thermal resistance was estimated with remotely sensed data as a proxy of debris thickness, and then ice melting was calculated by considering heat balance. By analyzing high resolution remotely sensed satellite data, we revealed mass changes in a couple of Himalayan glaciers. In addition, we compiled glacier inventory covering high mountain Asia, and then revealed areal changes in glaciers in the eastern Himalayas. We also revealed that debris-cover extent was highly correlated with upper glacier-free slope facing southwest at which diurnal freeze-thaw cycle could produce and supply debris material on glacier.