Diagnoses of animal diseases by monoclonal antibodies
Grant-in-Aid for Developmental Scientific Research
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants |
Applied veterinary science
|Research Institution||Hokkaido University. |
IZAWA Hisao Hokkaido Univ., Fac. Veterinary Med., Professor, 獣医学部, 教授 (50072351)
NEROME Kuniaki National Inst. Hlth, Dept. Virus-Rickettsia, Section Chief, ウイルス・リケッチヤ部, 室長
児玉 道 農林水産省家畜衛生試験場, 北海道支部, 主任研究官
MIKAMI Takeshi Hokkaido Univ., Fac. Veterinary Med., Professor, 獣医学部, 助教授 (20091506)
FUJIWARA Kosaku Tokyo Univ., Fac. Agriculture, Professor, 農学部, 教授 (60012689)
KUBO Shuichiro Hokkaido Univ., Fac. Veterinary Med., Professor, 獣医学部, 教授 (40001515)
KODAMA Michi Inst. Animal Hlth, Hokkaido Branch., Senior Researcher
|Project Period (FY)
1984 – 1986
Completed (Fiscal Year 1986)
|Budget Amount *help
¥15,100,000 (Direct Cost: ¥15,100,000)
Fiscal Year 1986: ¥2,100,000 (Direct Cost: ¥2,100,000)
Fiscal Year 1985: ¥4,300,000 (Direct Cost: ¥4,300,000)
Fiscal Year 1984: ¥8,700,000 (Direct Cost: ¥8,700,000)
|Keywords||Monoclonal antibody / Botulinus toxin / Mous hepatitis / Marek's disease / Hog cholera / Influenza / Paramyxovirus infection / 単クローン性抗体 / ニューカッスル病 / 牛白血病 / マレックス病 / インフルエンザ|
1. Botulism: Monoclonal antibody (MAb) was produced against purified toxins <C_1> and D, their light and heavy chains of Clostridium botulinum. By the use of MAbs, toxins of all the C. botulinum, which were stored in Japan, were divided into 4 groups.
2. Mouse hepatitis (MH): MAbs were prepared against an isolate of MH virus. Some of the MAbs specifically reacted with virus peplomer, and the remaining ones with virus nucleic acid. All the MAbs obtained cross-reacted with all the MH virus strains tested.
3. Marek's disease (MD): MAbs were produced against surface antigens of a lymphoid cell line established from MD tumor. The MAbs reacted equally with tumor cell of chickens with MD and with peripheral blood cells of apparently healthy chickens. In reaction-positive chickens, ratio of positive-cell was relatively low both in the tumor and blood cells.
4. Hog cholera (HC): Establishment of hybridoma was unsuccessful by the system consisted of tumor cell from pigs with leukosis and HC-immunized pigs, and by some other systems. However, MAb-positive cells have recently been available using spleen cell of mice immunized with kidney cells from HC-infected pig.
5. Influenza and paramyxovirus infection: Antigenic alteration and the origion of a recombinant of influenza virus were clearly demonstrated by using MAbs against HA or NA of the virus. By the use of anti-paramyxovirus MAb, the stability of epitom and antigenic alteration of paramyxovirus were proved.
6. Bovine leukosis: MAb established against tumor-associated antigen of enzootic bovine leukosis (EBL) specifically reacted with all the tumor cells obtained from cows with clinical leukosis. This finding suggested that the possibility to use the MAb for diagnosis of EBL.
7. Infectious pancreatic necrosis: Some of MAb-producing cells were produced. However, maintenance of the cells were failed; because of inability of cell passage or bacterial contamination.
Report (2 results)
Research Products (18 results)