The first year of my research has been effective in achieving my goals in three ways. First, I successfully undertook field visit to communities where I have established contacts. This includes a visit to different East Timorese communities in Indonesian West Timor as well as Timor-Leste. I also conducted field visit to new areas particularly the Indonesian city of Makassar. In this visit I successfully traced the trade and religious links between Makassar and Timor-Leste. The second achievement is related to the dissemination of my research where I successfully organized a panel to explore Grassroots Peacebuilding in Southeast Asia in the European Association of Southeast Asian Studies (EuroSEAS) conference in Berlin. My panel consisted of a senior lecturer from the University of Queensland, Australia, a research fellow from Gottingen University, Germany and myself. We had 10 people attended our session where we constructive and fruitful discussion. The final outcome is on publication. In this regard, I have finalized an article for Asian Journal of Law and Society and another book chapter for Amsterdam University Press. Both papers have passed the peer-reviewed stage and now in the copy-editing process and scheduled to be published before the end of the year.