1990 Fiscal Year Final Research Report Summary
Comparative Study for the Industrialization in Japan and Russia
Grant-in-Aid for international Scientific Research
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants |
|Research Institution||Ochanomizu University |
NAKAMURA Takafusa Ochanomizu University, Faculty of Home Economics -> お茶の水女子大学, 家政学部, 教授 (80012243)
KARELIN Aven Institute of the USSR History of the Sov
ANAN'ICH Bor Institute of History of the Soviet Acade
GORJUSHKIN L Institute of History, Phililogy and Phil
FURSENKO Ale Institute of the USSR History of Soviet
VINOGRADOV V Institute of the Scientific Information
KOVALCHENKO Moscow State University
KOJIMA Shuichi Kounan University, Faculty of Ecoomics, 経済学部, 教授 (50104732)
SUZUKI Takeo Waseda University, Faculty of Political Science and Economics, 政治経済学部, 教授 (30063746)
HIZEN Eiichi Tokyo University, Faculty of Economics, 経済学部, 教授 (50017802)
SAITO Osamu Hitotsubashi University, Institute of Economic Research, 経済研究所, 教授 (40051867)
HAYAMI Akira International Research Center for Japanese Studies, 教授 (40051164)
ANAN'ICH Boris Vasilievi Institute of History of the Soviet Academy
GORJUSHKIN Leonid Michai Institute of History, Phililogy and Philosophy
FURSENKO Alexander Alexa Institute of the USSR History of Soviet Academy
VINOGRADOV Vladimir Alex Institute of the Scientific Information in Social Sciences
KOVALCHENKO Ivan Dmitrie Moscow State University
KARELIN Avenir Pavlovitc Institute of the USSR History of the Soviet Academy
|Project Period (FY)
1989 – 1990
|Keywords||Process of Economic Development / Latecomers for Industrialization / Traditional Consumer Goods Production / Modernized New Industries / Initiatives of State / Agrarian Problem / Demographic situation / 02In the Last Half of 19th Century and the Early 20th Century|
This research project was organized by six Japanese and eight Russian historians to compare process of economic development in the last half of 19th century and the early 20th century. Since both countries had a lot of similarities in their initial conditions and process for it in this period, because of their charavter of latecomers for industrialization. On the other hand, two countries had differences in their geographical locations and economic conditions in their pre-industrial situations.
When economic growth started in Russia and Japan, traditional consumer goods production developed mainly in rural areas. Modernized new industries and traditional small production coexisted for rather a long time. Both nations put priority to the construction of social overhead capitals --railroads,
telegraph, and telephone. They also paid much attention to military production.
In industrial development initiatives of state in both countries played an important role and were conspicuous, while private enterprise also played an extremely important role. It was supported by massive investments of foreign capital, which was actively introduced in Russia in the very end of the 19th century with acceptance of the government, and later in Japan.
The agrarian problem which was very important for two countries whose population belonged to 80-90 per cent agricultural. Peasant were major econoic and social force but they permanently migrated to the cities in a in a process of industrialization. Demographic situation in both countries had its peculiarities and at the same time some common features.
Most difficult problems discussed at the workshops were the difference of agrarian problems in both nations. These points were oriented in the history of pre-industrial economic situations in pre-industrial period. Our next problems would be how to approach to 17th or 18th centuries histories of both countries.
Research Products (15 results)