SOMEI Masanori Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kanazawa University Professor, 薬学部, 教授 (20110546)
YOKOYAMA Ken Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kanazawa University Assistance, 薬学部, 助手 (70271377)
ARAI Kunizo Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kanazawa University Assistant Professor, 薬学部, 講師 (50126562)
HATANAKA Yasumaru Toyama Medical Phamaseutical University, Pharmaceutical Sciences, Professor, 薬学部, 教授 (30111181)
OHTA Tetsuo Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kanazawa University Associate Professor, 医学部・附属病院, 助教授 (09671290)
In this project, we have investigated the mechanism of incuction of neurite outgrowth (NOG), cell differentiation, growth inhibiton and apoptosis by inhibitors against V-ATPases, such as bafilomycin, concanamycins and prodigiosins, and the mechanism of proton transport in V-ATPases.
We found that (1) V-ATPase inhibitors like bafilomycin induced apoptosis and NOG in new RNA-, protein-syntheses, and serine/threonine kinase-dependent mannaer, and K-252a- or A-kinase-independent manner, but they are different from each other : apoptosis-induction is different from NOG-induction in its insensitivitiy in tyrosin-phosphatase, arachidonate-cascade or Calmodulin-kinase independent manner, (2) apoptosis and NOG are also induced by prodigiosins but they are not induced by its H^+/Cl^- symporting activities, and (3) apoptosis or NOG is not induced by pH-differences between inside and outside of cells, because they are not induced by NH_4Cl, (4) We have succeeded in the synsesis of concanamycin A-photoaffinity probes active in V-ATPase-inhibition. (5) Prodigiosins are H^+/Cl^- symporters that uncoupled ATPases like F-, V-, P-ATPase and electron transport activity, in which prodigiosins inhibited proton-transport but no ATP hydrolysis (or electron transport) activiteis. Prodigiosins also strongly and reversibly uncoupled (H^+/K^+) ATPase-dependent proton-translocation from hog gastric mucosa. (6) We have succeeded in the cloning, proton-pump dependent ATP synthesis, and determation of operon structure of V-ATPase from a eubacterium (Thermus termophilus).