TORII Takashi Meiji University, Faculty of Commerce, Associate Professor, 商学部, 助教授 (70298040)
NAGAI Fumio Osaka City University, Faculty of Law, Associate Professor, 法学部, 助教授 (10281106)
ONISHI Yutaka Osaka City University, Faculty of Law, Associate Professor, 法学部, 助教授 (90254375)
TAMADA Yoshifumi Kyoto University, Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies, Associate Professor, アジア・アフリカ地域研究研究科, 助教授 (90197567)
KATAYAMA Yutaka Kobe University, Graduate School of International Cooperation Studies, Professor, 大学院・国際協力研究科, 教授 (10144403)
The purpose of this project is to explore the impact of decentralization reform on the political and economic development in developing countries. The targeted countries in this project have been Thailand, Philippine, Malaysia, Indonesia and China. The research results are grouped into three areas : analysis of local government in the developing countries, recent decentralization reforms in the above countries, and some theoretical arguments concerning the relationship between decentralization and developments. In addition to the above countries, we made some efforts to under-stand the Korean local government, which is the recent and most important and successful case of decentralization in Asia. We invited Professor Young-Joo Kwon from the City University of Seoul for information about the case of Korea.
Concretely, what we have done in this project are as follow. First we studied laws concerning local government in the above countries. Powers given to local governments, field agencies of central government, local civil service etc., are the items about which we collected information. Secondly, we analyzed and compared the merits and demerits of the two types of the local governmental system, that is, the European integrationist model and, the separatist model expressed recently in the model of fiscal federalism. For the exchange of information on each country selected, and also for deepening the understanding of theoretical arguments in this field, we held workshops six times.
Our research results are being applied in practice. Based on the this two years Kagaku-Kenkyu-Hi research, M.Muramatsu.Y.Katayama, H.Nagai and K.Akizuki from this team have been participating in the JICA project on Thai-Japan joint research on Thai Decentralization and Capacity Building.