ΦIVIND Loren ノルウェー産業研究センター, 人間工学部門, 部長
FOULDS Richard Applied Science & Engineering Laboratory, A.I.du Pont Institute, 応用科学工学研究所, 教授
ILKKA Saarni 北欧リハビリテーション工学開発センター, 所長
NIILO Saranu フィンランド技術研究センター, 情報工学部門, 部長
ISEKI Hiroshi Department of Neurosurgery, Tokyo Women's Medical College, 脳神経外科, 助手 (90119892)
張 済川 北京清華大学, 工学部, 教授
SEKIGUCHI Yukio Department of Rehabilitation Engineering, Polytechnic University, 福祉工学科, 教授
FUKUI Yasuhiro Faculty of Science & Engineering, Tokyo Denki University, 理工学部, 教授 (60112877)
TSUJI Takayuki Research Institute, National Cardiovascular Center, 研究所, 部長 (00075764)
HORIUCHI Takashi Division of Applied Life Science, Graduate School of University of East Asia, 総合学術研究科, 教授 (10201758)
YANO Hideo Research Institute, National Rehabilitation Center for the Disabled, 研究所, 部長
KIMURA Tetsuhiko Hospital, National Rehabilitation Center for the Disabled, 病院, 副院長
SUZUKI Makoto Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 大学院・工学系研究科, 講師 (50260500)
OHTA Yuji Faculty of Engineering, Toyo University, 工学部, 助教授 (50203807)
MATSUMOTO Hiroshi Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 大学院・工学系研究科, 教授 (40010277)
SAITO Masao Faculty of Engineering, Tokyo Denki University, 工学部, 教授 (60010708)
ZHANG Jichuan Department of Precision Instruments, Tsinghua University
SAARNIO Ilkka Nordic Development Center for Rehabilitation Technology
SARANUMMI Niilo Technical Research Center of Finland
LORENTSEN Oivind Human Engineering, SINTEF
Today the aging of our society is one of the most important topics in the world. In this study, international survey on technologies to support the life and living of elderly people had been done, to clarify appropriate ways of international cooperation.
The survey had been done in the North America, Europe and China. In medical engineering field, less/minimum invasive surgery was the most hot topic. Great number of studies had been done in many countries on application of medical images, optical scopes, surgical planning and surgical robots. We found that it was needed to establish the guidelines to avoid accidents in clinical evaluation of such surgical robots.
In the field of rehabilitation engineering, rehabilitation robotics was one of the most expected areas. In addition, researchers had studied on application of multimedia communication to support elderly and disabled people living in their own home. Though virtual reality was newly available technology, several studies had done to motivate disabled children to perform their rehabilitation program. What we found was the great significance of needs analysis to develop products which were truly effective. To deliver appropriate products, we need to evaluate the quality of life of the user. Since there were no established methods to evaluate, researches on this topic had been doing specially in Nordic countries. We must study our own method to evaluate the quality of life in the Japanese life style which is apparently different from European ones.
We concluded as follows ; the most important key technology is robotics. In this field, Japan can contribute greatly to international cooperation in the future. In development of products, safety should be considered sufficiently. To achieve safety, standardization work would be needed and Japan must be the most active country in the work.