KAWAKATSU Heita School of Political Science and Economics, Waseda Univ.professor, 政経学部, 教授 (70097252)
HAMASHITA Takeshi Institute of Oriental Culture, Tokyo Univ.professor, 東洋文化研究所, 教授 (90126368)
YAMAMOTO Norio National Museum of Ethnology professor, 教授 (90111088)
YOSHIDA Shuji Japan Center for Area Studies professor, 教授 (90099953)
MATSUBARA Masatake Japan Center for Area Studies professor, 教授 (30110084)
KATAKURA Motoko Faculty of Poloicy Studies, Chuoo Univ.professor, 総合政策学部, 教授 (60055308)
TAKAYA Yoshikazu Faculty of Human and Culture, Shiga Prefectural Univ.professor, 人間文化学部, 教授 (90027582)
TACHIMOTO Narifumi Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto Univ.professor, 東南アジア研究センター, 教授 (50027588)
KAIDA Yoshihiro Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto Univ.professor, 東南アジア研究センター, 教授 (00026452)
OHJI Toshiaki Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto Univ.professor, 東南アジア研究センター, 教授 (60024212)
TSUBOUCH Yoshihiro Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto Univ.professor, 東南アジア研究センター, 教授 (00027583)
Thirteen shcolars of various expertise carried out field studies in tropical maritime worlds comprising Southeast Asian archipelago, coastal India, Latin America, Caribbean Seas, and Arabic Sea. The aim of the studies was : (1) to elucidate the nature of spanned networks in terms of ecological, social and cultural integraiton ; (2) to set up new scopes for disecting the mobility of man and culture, their transfer and remolding phase in the receiving areas.
Before the arrival of the colonial powers, maritime worlds of Southeast Aisa had been integrated by three major networks, e.g.by resource-exploiting Chineses, by inland-settling Hindus, and by sea-faring Arabs. These foreign networks coalesced in smelting the indigenous culture and society, which obtained self-governing nature and stability, and were linked together to make up the maritime worlds into an organic entity. This entity could resist and cope with the intruding colonial powers. It shows remarkable differences in comparison with Swahili coasts, Latin American and Carribean Seas, in the encounter with the colonial poweres. Southeast Asian Maritime worlds adjusted to the new settings ; Swahili coasts did not change at all ; and Latin America and Carribean Seas underwent the replacement of whole population and culture.
By obsereving mestizo societies of the new world, we obtained new scopes which would be quite effective in extending area studies to a fully global scale. That is to see the global areas in a perspective of human mobility. The mobility belt lying in the dryzone of the Eurasia, though the Mediterranian Sea, projected itself up to the new world. The characteristics of the Iberian politics need to be studied in this context.