WATARI Jyunkichi Komazawa Women's University, Department of Liberal Arts, Professor, 人文学部, 教授 (60099546)
YANO Takao Waseda University, School of Human Sciences, Professor, 人間科学部, 教授 (40200555)
SEKI Kazutoshi Kyusyu University, Graduate School of Human-Environment Studies, Associate Professor, 人間環境学研究科, 助教授 (50179321)
AKAMINE Jun Research Fellow of the Japan Society for the Promotion of ScienceUniversity of Tsukuba, Institut of History and Anthropology, 特別研究員
KAWADA Makito Chukyo University, College of Sociology, Assistant Professor, 社会学部, 講師 (30260110)
This study under the project, aims at clarifying how folk technology and its knowledge are transmitted from generation to generation, or from a person to a person, within a small family circle of artisans such as blacksmith, fishermen, small-scale-trader, prayer, and healer. From a religious anthropological point of view, Kawada in Bantayan Island, investigated how magic words known as Orasyones, owned by a prayer, could be accepted by local folks. This analysis found out that although Orasynones has been understood a hidden, scared knowledge, even local folks could use it for their convenience. Seki in Siquijor examine how to become a traditional healer. Focusing on the main activities of a healer like healing sickness and gathering herbal medicines, Seki concluded that these knowledge could be most likely transmitted through daily learning from family members. From social anthropological point of view, Ushijima in Leyte, focusing on a blacksmith involved in buy-and sell activities, arrived at a conclusion that in order to overcome financial problems like a small capital, they established a unique patron-client relationship, never fix, flexible, so as to meet changing market demand of a product. Watari in Marinduque, focusing on a village known as owing a special skill of ship-building, found out that even in a migrated place, they successfully established the fishing business by marking use of their own skill and knowledge. From this observation, Watari concluded that a differentiated skill enabled them to easily adjust to an unfamiliar environment. These finding will be published as "Bisayan Locations" from The Third World Studies Center, University of the Philippines, edited by Iwao Ushijima and Cynthia Zayas in 2000.