2000 Fiscal Year Final Research Report Summary
Continuity and Change of Minority Cultures in Xinjiang
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B).
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants |
|Research Institution||KYUSHU UNIVERSITY |
MARUYAMA Koichi Faculty of Human-Environment Studies, KYUSHU UNIVERSITY Professor -> 九州大学, 大学院・人間環境学研究院, 教授 (80037035)
KUBO Tomoyuki Faculty of Humanities, KYUSHU UNIVERSITY Assoc. Professor, 人文科学研究院, 助教授 (30214993)
SAKAMOTO Ikko Faculty of Human-Environment Studies, KYUSHU UNIVERSITY Assoc. Professor, 大学院・人間環境学研究院, 助教授 (20150386)
MORIKAWA Tetsuo Faculty of Social and Cultural Studies, KYUSHU UNIVERSITY Professor, 比較社会文化研究院, 教授 (50101275)
NISHIHARA Akifumi Faculty of Letters, Yasuda Women's University Lecturer, 文学部, 講師 (60274411)
|Project Period (FY)
1999 – 2000
|Keywords||minority culture / ethnicity / Uygur / Islamic culture / family relations / rites of passages / Mongol|
The ultimate aim of this study is to contribute to the solution of the conflict between nation-states and ethnic minorities or among ethnic groups themselves, especially in the case of ethnic minorities in Xinjiang, China. While anthropological studies on religious activities in Xinjiang are extremely difficult today, we concentrated in the study on continuity and change of ethnic cultures through the understanding of human relations in family, education at school and family, and economic activity.
The main findings of this research are as follows :
(1) Custom of adopting one of grand child as a child is found in Uygur and Kazak people in Kash and Hami. Through the analysis of this custom, the kinship structure and the family cycle were clarified.
(2) Although it was difficult to observe the Islamic belief customs of the Uygur directly, we could describe and analyze the Uygur rites of passage, which seem to constitute the core of the ethnic culture of the Uygur.
(3) The Chinese government's policy is to settle down the nomads in Xinjiang and the change of their life style seems to change the ethnic culture of the minority people including the Mongols.
(4) Our Chinese counterparts contributed to our project greatly sending us their papers on the educational policy and the problem of language.
Research Products (14 results)