Comparative Study for the Industrialization in Japan and Russia
Grant-in-Aid for Overseas Scientific Survey.
|Research Institution||Ochanomizu University|
NAKAMURA Takafusa Ochanomizu University, Faculty of Home Economics, 家政学部, 教授 (80012243)
KARELIN Aven Institute of the USSR History of the Sov
ANAN'ICH Bor Institute of History of the Soviet Acade
GORJUSHKIN L Institute of History, Phililogy and Phil
FURSENKO Ale Institute of the USSR History of Soviet
VINOGRADOV V Institute of the Scientific Information
KOVALCHENKO Moscow State University
小島 修一 甲南大学, 経済学部, 教授 (50104732)
鈴木 健夫 早稲田大学, 政治経済学部, 教授 (30063746)
肥前 栄一 東京大学, 経済学部, 教授 (50017802)
斎藤 修 一橋大学, 経済研究所, 教授 (40051867)
速水 融 国際日本文化研究センター, 教授 (40051164)
ANAN'ICH Boris Vasilievi Institute of History of the Soviet Academy
GORJUSHKIN Leonid Michai Institute of History, Phililogy and Philosophy
FURSENKO Alexander Alexa Institute of the USSR History of Soviet Academy
VINOGRADOV Vladimir Alex Institute of the Scientific Information in Social Sciences
KOVALCHENKO Ivan Dmitrie Moscow State University
KOJIMA Shuichi Kounan University, Faculty of Ecoomics
HIZEN Eiichi Tokyo University, Faculty of Economics
SUZUKI Takeo Waseda University, Faculty of Political Science and Economics
HAYAMI Akira International Research Center for Japanese Studies
SAITO Osamu Hitotsubashi University, Institute of Economic Research
KARELIN Avenir Pavlovitc Institute of the USSR History of the Soviet Academy
|Project Fiscal Year
1989 – 1990
Completed(Fiscal Year 1990)
|Budget Amount *help
¥5,800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥5,800,000)
Fiscal Year 1990 : ¥3,300,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,300,000)
Fiscal Year 1989 : ¥2,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,500,000)
|Keywords||Process of Economic Development / Latecomers for Industrialization / Traditional Consumer Goods Production / Modernized New Industries / Initiatives of State / Agrarian Problem / Demographic situation / 02In the Last Half of 19th Century and the Early 20th Century / 19世紀末から20世紀初頭 / 強力な指導者 / 農奴解放 / 工業化 / 農村工業 / 鉄道網 / 外貨導入 / 後発工業国|
This research project was organized by six Japanese and eight Russian historians to compare process of economic development in the last half of 19th century and the early 20th century. Since both countries had a lot of similarities in their initial conditions and process for it in this period, because of their charavter of latecomers for industrialization. On the other hand, two countries had differences in their geographical locations and economic conditions in their pre-industrial situations.
When economic growth started in Russia and Japan, traditional consumer goods production developed mainly in rural areas. Modernized new industries and traditional small production coexisted for rather a long time. Both nations put priority to the construction of social overhead capitals --railroads,
telegraph, and telephone. They also paid much attention to military production.
In industrial development initiatives of state in both countries played an important role and were conspicuous, while private enterprise also played an extremely important role. It was supported by massive investments of foreign capital, which was actively introduced in Russia in the very end of the 19th century with acceptance of the government, and later in Japan.
The agrarian problem which was very important for two countries whose population belonged to 80-90 per cent agricultural. Peasant were major econoic and social force but they permanently migrated to the cities in a in a process of industrialization. Demographic situation in both countries had its peculiarities and at the same time some common features.
Most difficult problems discussed at the workshops were the difference of agrarian problems in both nations. These points were oriented in the history of pre-industrial economic situations in pre-industrial period. Our next problems would be how to approach to 17th or 18th centuries histories of both countries.
Research Output (15results)